I disagreed with that conventional wisdom and wrote a series of posts on how Bharat can plan achieve all rounded glory using existing economic resources.
This post is on the topic of Education.
1. National Literacy Program: (Budget: Rs 10,000 Crore Per Year for 10 Years)
- A volunteer joins NLP by applying its teacher-membership.
- The volunteer member identifies the illiterate people and submits their forms. If the students (illiterate) do not have National-ID cards, volunteer makes sure they obtained them. The Program Officer confirms that they are not duplicate entries after checking the National ID database and NLP Database.
- The volunteer helps educate the beneficiary on prescribed course work and helps the beneficiary prepare for the exams.
- Examination: Pro-metric type computerized test centers in all towns. The participant has to show national ID card (Aadhar) as proof. Must get 70% correct answers to pass. Can take exam as many as times needed till passes.
- Course content includes
- Language Skills - Reading, Writing and Comprehension
- Math – Simple Arithmetic
- History – National History, Geography
- Governance – Local/State/Central governance structure
- Law and Order – What are their basic rights and responsibilities
- Form Filling – How to fill a Voter card, Demand Draft, Ration Card form, etc.,
- Civic Sense – Basic understanding on civic sense – Rights and responsibilities
- Book – A single handbook – Rs 250
- Examination costs – Rs 250
- NLP volunteer – will receive Rs 500 for each passed student
- The participant will receive Rs 1000 cash upon passing the exam.
With an annual budget of Rs 10000 crore, we can have at least 4-5 Crore people become literate every year.
- Any graduate and above who completed their BEd (Bachelor of Education – How to teach, method and art of teaching) can participate in this program.
- A group of 10 graduates must join and apply as a group to start a school. Govt of India will offer them Rs 5Lakh as loan to kick start the school. This amount becomes FREE GRANT if the school continues for minimum 3 years.
- Each school can have as many students as required. They will receive Rs 250 for each registered student, with National-ID as proof, per month. They can charge additional fee if the parents are willing to pay the additional amount.
- The current public school system will be modified to make a village as a unit. In towns each municipal ward will become one unit. All schools in that unit, primary/secondary/high schools, will be combined to make a single unit for efficient management.
- A school must maintain maximum 1:30 teacher: student ratio.
- A School with 1000 students (30-35 teachers) will receive ~Rs 30 Lakhs per yer from Govt grants.
- Offers employment opportunities for upto 4.5 million graduates. If graduates are encouraged to have similarly qualified spouses, the family income would be around Rs 1.5-2.0 Lakhs per year, bringing them into the 15% IT bracket above Rs 1.5 Lakhs.
- Will open ~13,500 Akshayapatra type modern kitchens (each kitchen supplies 10,000 students or 20,000 meals a day). Offers employment to at least 135,000 non-graduates. If we can integrate the supply-chains of this Aksyapatra kitchens with my Farm subsidy returns (Rs 10,000 or 30% of crop returns, whichever is smaller will be collected by govt from 4 crore acres of food grain crops) then we can achieve an efficient food-management supply chain within India.
- Collect data on Central and State budget allocations for primary and secondary education, health-care and mid-day meals program.
- Revise estimates based on 2017-20 population data and demographics.
- Compare the cost structures and supply-chain employment opportunities for skilled and unskilled labor in Mid-day meal programs and primary health-care sectors.
- Define the course framework to be implemented across the nation while giving scope for differentiation by schools.